Great image and post online at Facebook February 7, 2023
*—-The Mi’kmaq **are the founding people of Nova Scotia and remain the predominant Aboriginal group within the province. When the Mi’kmaq first encountered Europeans in the 16th and 17th centuries, their territory stretched from the southern portions of the Gaspé Peninsula eastward to most of modern-day New Brunswick, and all of Nova Scotia and Prince Edward Island.
—-This area was divided into seven smaller territories across what was known as Mi’kma’ki. Today, the Mi’kmaq live throughout the province. Nova Scotia has 13 Mi’kmaq First Nations with community populations ranging from 283 in the Annapolis Valley First Nation to 4,314 in the Eskasoni First Nation. In total, there are 16,245 registered Indians in Nova Scotia and of these, 5,877 live off-reserve . The Registered Indian population in Nova Scotia is represented through a series of 13 band councils and two tribal councils, the Confederacy of Mainland Mi’kmaq and the Union of Nova Scotia Indians. The Union of Nova Scotia Indians tribal council represents the five First Nation communities within Cape Breton (We’koqma’q, Wagmatcook, Membertou, Eskasoni, and Chapel Island First Nations) along with Acadia First Nation on the Mainland. The remaining seven communities are represented by the Confederacy of Mainland Mi’kmaq (Bear River, Annapolis Valley, Glooscap, Millbrook, Paqtnkek, Pictou Landing and Sipekne’katik First Nations). Collectively, the 13 Mi’kmaw Chiefs comprise the Assembly of Nova Scotia Mi’kmaq Chiefs, the highest level of decision-making in the negotiation and consultation processes in Nova Scotia, supported by the Kwilmu’kw Maw-klusuaqn Negotiation Office, also known as the Mi’kmaq Rights Initiative. The Mi’kmaq Grand Council is the traditional and spiritual government for the Mi’kmaw nation.
Posted on FB by Jocelyn Snyder Freeman